From the US Government Office of Minority Health, posted on August 15, 2011:
In 2009, about 2,380,000 African Americans reported that they currently have asthma.
African American women were 30% more likely to have asthma than non-Hispanic White women, from 2001-2003.
In 2007, African Americans were three times more likely to die from asthma related causes than the White population.
From 2003-2005, African American children had a death rate 7 times that of non-Hispanic White children.
African Americans had asthma-related emergency room visits 4.5 times more often than Whites in 2004.
Black children have a 260% higher emergency department visit rate, a 250% higher hospitalization rate, and a 500% higher death rate from asthma, as compared with White children.
Children in poor families are more likely to ever have been diagnosed with asthma.
While all of the causes of asthma remain unclear, children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are at increased risk for acute lower respiratory tract infections, such as asthma, and children living below or near the poverty level are more likely to have high blood cotinine levels, a breakdown product of nicotine, than children living in higher income families.
At a glance – Diagnosed:
Estimated average annual prevalence percents for self-reported current asthma, National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2001–2003